How Do Sewing Machines Work?

How well do you know about sewing machines? Do you know how does sewing machines work? If you want to start your journey of sewing or become a seamstress, knowing about it is, no doubt, beneficial. It’s like taking the first walk for a baby. You have to know its fundamentals to take your skills to the next level.

Sewing Machine Explained

Before these powerful machines invented, families especially were sewing their clothes, pillowcase, curtains, bedsheets, blankets, and other fabric or leather with their hands. As time goes by, the rise of clothing factories and business occurs. The industry starts to have tons of customers and a need to produce more clothes and leathers in a short amount of time. It’s so fast that employees had a hard time fulfilling orders.

Then, someone saw this problem and wanted to help these companies. A man invented its first sewing machine in 1790 to decrease their manual labor. Back then, it’s so incredible and powerful which most owners of manufacture companies wanted to buy more. Since it can stitch better than sewing it by hand, these first sewing machines were extremely expensive.

Who Invented The Sewing Machines?

Just like the invention of computers and phones, there are many creators to help improve the parts of the sewing machine. It has many versions from mechanical, electronic to now the most popular and advanced computerized machine.

  • 1589 – William Lee
  • 1733 – John Kay
  • 1755 – Charles T. Wiesenthal
  • 1790 – Thomas Saint
  • 1826 – Henry Lye
  • 1830 – Barthelemy Thimonnier
  • 1834 – Walter Hunt
  • 1846 – Elias Howe
  • 1849 – Benjamin Wilson
  • 1851 – Isaac Merritt Singer
  • 1854 – Allen Wilson

These are the first inventors. Then, several intelligent people from around the world helped to improve them.

Types Of Sewing Machine

In this generation, there are two popular types of machine in the market.  You have the choice as a seamstress if you’re into vintage or digital tool.

  1. Mechanical or electronic sewing machine – Since it is a low-cost machine, it only has basic features. There’s a lot of manual operation you have to do while it sews your fabric.
  2. Computerized sewing machine – It’s the most developed and expensive. Since it’s digital, it has many automated features to make it easier to sew. You’ll also have more stitch selection by connecting to the internet and download designs.

Wanting to know which one is better for your skill set? Take a look at the differences between mechanical and computerized sewing machine.

How Does Sewing Machines Work?

After knowing the history and what it is, let’s learn how it works and how to use it.

Here is the simplest definition of the three types of mechanism:

Needle Mechanism

The same with the old-fashioned of sewing, you have to look for the needle. It has a hole so you can insert the thread and pass through it. It has a similar function of sewing with your hand – upward and downward movement until it passes through the layers of the fabric.

Bobbin Mechanism

This mechanism works at the top or upper part of the machine. It has the spool pin, thread guide, and bobbin winder. For starters, using it woudl be confusing. However, you have to know how to connect and insert the thread to the needle’s machine.

Feed-dog Mechanism

Lastly, this is where the magic of sewing machine comes. The bottom part has a feed-dog where you place the cloth. Its function is to move forward and upward in a harmonized manner. For mechanical machine, you can adjust the pressure and height depending on how you stitch your cloth.

You have to be attentive when working on this part because you need to control your fabric the way you want it to sew or thread. With the help of the machine’s pedal, you can control when to start or stop.

Take a look at best sewing machines for beginners to get you started. These are generally easy-to-use sewing machines that can make your learning curve a breeze.

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